Tuesday, July 23

Friendship, cooperation, mutual assistance: what are the relations between Kazakhstan and Russia

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In October of this year, the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation will be 32 years old

More than 400 treaties and agreements signed in almost 32 years since the establishment of diplomatic relations regulate cooperation between Kazakhstan and Russia, states with the longest land border in the world. On Russia Day, Sputnik Kazakhstan analyzes how relations between the two countries are developing.

In the spirit of alliance and good neighborliness

Diplomatic relations between Kazakhstan and Russia were established on October 22, 1992 and have been strengthening since then for more than three decades. The main, basic documents of bilateral cooperation were the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance signed in 1992, the Declaration on Eternal Friendship and Alliance Oriented to the 21st Century of 1998 and the Treaty between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan on Good Neighborliness and Alliance in the 21st Century signed by the heads of state in 2013.
Today, Kazakhstan and Russia are members of a number of interstate associations together. These include the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Collective Security Treaty Organization and others. Working in them allows states to interact at the highest level and jointly resolve emerging issues, as well as promptly respond to all modern challenges. The fact that relations between the two countries have long reached the level of strategic partnership has been repeatedly expressed by the Presidents of Kazakhstan and Russia Kassym-Jomart Tokayev and Vladimir Putin.

“As for cooperation between our states, it is developing successfully and is multifaceted. First of all, this is cooperation, which is of a strategic nature and the nature of allied relations between our states in various fields,” Tokayev noted in his speeches.

Vladimir Putin has repeatedly spoken about cooperation and partnership between the two countries. According to him, for more than 30 years, relations between Kazakhstan and Russia have reached a high level of strategic partnership and are developing dynamically.

“Indeed, today the partnership between Russia and Kazakhstan has a particularly privileged character and is actively developing. It is based on the principles of mutual respect, recognition of sovereignty, territorial integrity and non-interference in internal affairs. This is confirmed, among other things, by the extensive database of documents regulating relations between our countries,” the Russian president noted.

Economic cooperation between Kazakhstan and Russia

Kazakhstan and Russia pay special attention to economic cooperation, and therefore the volume of trade turnover increases annually. It is worth noting that in the total volume of Kazakhstan’s foreign trade turnover with the EAEU countries, Russia occupies 91.8%.
Among the goods exported by Kazakhstan to Russia are machinery and equipment, chemical industry products, metals and products made from them, and Kazakhstan’s imports from Russia consist mainly of food products, mineral products, chemical industry products and wood.
Also, among the goods that Kazakhstan imports from Russia, fertilizers and agricultural equipment, chocolate, detergents, natural gas, wagons and parts for railway locomotives can be distinguished. In mutual settlements, countries mainly use national currencies.
It is also important to note that Russian companies occupy the fifth place among key investors in terms of investments in the economy of Kazakhstan. Over the past 17 years, the amount of investments from Russia to Kazakhstan has reached $19 billion. At the same time, Kazakh investments in Russia amounted to more than 5.6 billion dollars.
Kazakhstan and Russia are jointly implementing more than 100 industrial projects worth more than $22 billion. The fuel and energy complex is a key area of economic cooperation between the two countries. At the end of 2023, an agreement was signed between the countries on the construction of those thermal power plants in the north-east of Kazakhstan: in the cities of Kokshetau, Semey and Ust-Kamenogorsk.

Bilateral meetings of leaders: the more often the better

Only at the end of 2023, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev and Vladimir Putin met twice: in October in Russia and in November in Astana.
In October, the heads of state took part in the opening ceremony of the transit of Russian gas to the Republic of Uzbekistan through the territory of Kazakhstan, after which they held talks. During the meeting, the leaders discussed the current state and prospects for further strengthening the strategic partnership between the two countries, and also stressed the importance of continuing close cooperation in trade, economic, energy, transport, logistics and other areas.

“As for cooperation between our states, it is developing successfully and is multifaceted. First of all, this is cooperation, which is of a strategic nature and the nature of allied relations between our states in various fields,” Kassym-Jomart Tokayev said following the talks.

Vladimir Putin also positively assessed the talks.

“We have a huge amount of joint work. The situation is developing very positively in all directions. I want to thank you for this,” he said, addressing his Kazakh counterpart.

On November 9, 2023, the heads of state met in Astana, within the framework of the Interregional Cooperation Forum, where they discussed issues of bilateral cooperation, prospects for cooperation on regional platforms and international problems.
As a result of the Forum, agreements and memoranda worth $100 billion were prepared, and a joint action plan for three years was signed. The areas of cooperation between the countries are diverse: sports, agriculture, energy, customs and the media. Also, according to Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, Astana and Moscow have agreed to expand transport communications.
Summing up the negotiations, the heads of state mentioned the good-neighborly nature of relations several times.

“There is a lot of work, but there is no doubt that the result will be positive. Your visit is taking place on the eve of the tenth anniversary of the signing of the treaty on good neighborliness and alliance. We are allies and strategic partners, there are no fundamental problems between us,” Tokayev said.

“The negotiations were held in a businesslike and constructive manner. The task has been set to achieve a comprehensive strategic partnership,” Vladimir Putin said.
The next meeting of the heads of state is scheduled for Astana on July 3-4, where the summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization will take place.

“We are working very productively together in almost all vectors. In particular, thanks to President Tokayev, who supports our cooperation in all these areas. We are going to Astana soon. The SCO will be there, and all sorts of other events. I have an invitation, of course, I will use it,” Vladimir Putin said.

day of Russia

On June 12, an important public holiday is celebrated – the Day of the adoption of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of Russia, or Russia Day.
On this day in 1990, the Declaration of State Sovereignty of Russia was adopted. The document proclaimed that the Russian Constitution and its laws prevail in the country. By that time, many republics of the USSR had already decided on sovereignty.
Also on June 12, 1991, the first open national presidential elections were held in the country’s history, which Boris Yeltsin won. By decree of the President of Russia in 1994, the Day of the adoption of the Declaration of State Sovereignty was declared a national holiday of the country. The official name “Russia Day” was assigned to the holiday in 2002, when the new Labor Code of the Russian Federation came into force, which prescribed new holidays and weekends.

source:  https://ru.sputnik.kz/20240612/druzhba-sotrudnichestvo-vzaimopomosch-kakie-otnosheniya-svyazyvayut-kazakhstan-i-rossiyu-44911127.html

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